OPTIMIZATION OF SMALL FISHERIES ENTERPRISE WITH FISHERY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS THROUGH TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE

Danis Maulana, Merlin Dyah Wati, Mirza Safitri Agatha Putri

Abstract


The development of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in Indonesia underwent an increasing trend from 2013 to the end of 2014. This was evidenced by self-reliant SMEs whose main economic activities were in the macro sector. Inversely, MSMEs’ fisheries sector only contributed 3.25% to GDP in 2014. The assessment of macro fishery performance system can be measured through Fishery Performance Indicators method as introduced by James L. Anderson and Christopher M. Their export assessment method is based on input and output factors reflecting success in achieving sustainability. By knowing the size of the export, Small Fisheries Enterprise can maximize the aspects needed in optimizing the process from upstream to downstream using Triple Bottom Line method. This method is implemented based on three measures of economic, social, and environmental performance. They measure business success not only in terms of financial perspective but also economic perspective by optimizing the National Fish Logistics System broadly and involving communities and environments.

Keywords


UMKM; fisheries performance indicators; triple bottom line; national fish logistics system

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References


Badan Pusat Statistik. 2015. Statistik 70th Indonesia Merdeka. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Carlton, J. 2007. Marine Propellers and Propulsion Second Edition. United States of America: Elsevier Ltd.

Chu, J. 2012. Evaluation of New Fishery Performance Indicators (FPIs): A Case Study of the Blue Swimming Crab Fisheries in Indonesia and Philippines. Agricultural and Rural Development Discussion Paper 52, XV (pp.52–103).

James L. Anderson, C.M. Anderson. 2015. The Fishery Performance Indicators: A Management Tool for Triple Bottom Line Outcomes. Research Article.

Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. 2016. Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. Jakarta: Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan.


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