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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

1. Guidelines for Authors

Jurnal of Visual Communication Design (VCD) is published bianually (June and December) by Visual Communication Design (Desain Komunikasi Visual), Universitas Ciputra.

VCD aims as a forum for academics, educators, and practitioners from around the world to communicate research about: graphic design, visual communication, branding, comics and illustrations, advertising, photography, videography, animation, design studies and popular culture, and game design.

2. Submission and Corespondence

Author shall submit paper by OJS to bit.ly/VCDjournal. File shall be named as follows: first three letters shall be VCD, followed by the last name of the first author and first word of the title, i.e.: VCD-Christian-Branding
Papers and all correspondences should be addressed to:
The Editor, Jurnal Visual Communication Design (VCD)
Universitas Ciputra Surabaya
CitraLand CBD Boulevard
UC Tower 17th Floor
Surabaya 60219
T. (62-31) 745 1699
F. (62-31) 745 1698
e-mail: jurnalvcd@ciputra.ac.id
website: https://journal.uc.ac.id/index.php/VCD

3. Manuscript Guidelines

Articles have never been published in other media and proceedings with ISBN or ISSN. Articles must be the author's original writing, and the author who submits a scientific article is the first author. Manuscript specifications are depicted more detail in the manuscript template for VCD. Manuscript should be provided in MS-Word format. It should be typed and be double spaced (Georgia 11 font size) in a single column format on A4 size paper and one side of the paper only. The length of entire manuscript should not be more than 7,000 words (title, abstract, keywords, tables, figures, references, and appendices inclusive). All pages should be numbered consecutively at the bottom of manuscript.

Manuscript should be organized in the following order: title, abstract, keywords, main body of manuscript, references, and if applicable, appendices, acknowledgment, and footnotes. All tables and figures should be placed on separate sheets, not included within the text, and should also be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript. If tables or figures are being reproduced from another source, the author should obtain permission from the copyright holder and state the acknowledgment. Appendices, acknowledgment, and footnotes should also be placed on separate pages, arranged at the pages after tables and figures.
Manuscript should be written in English. Indonesian author could submit manuscript for review in the Indonesian language, but the paper shall be translate into English once it is accepted for publication. Translation is arrange by VCD. Fee for translation is paid by author.

  • Article's Title

The article's title is written using the title case briefly, clearly, and informatively. The font size used is 14, the font type is Georgian, Bold, and typed in center text with single spacing.

  • Author's Name and e-mail

Authors' name fully written without titles and e-mails written under each of the authors name without hyperlink using Georgia 11 pt. Write down the department, faculty and University origin of each author with justify (center text) fomat.

  • Abstracts and Keyword

Abstract is written ini Bahasa and must contain research objectives, research methodology, discussion, and conclusion; not be more than 200 words. 

  • Articles Layout

The manuscript is written in the form of an 18-20 page essay and typed according to the following layout guidelines:

  • 21 x  29.7 cm (A4)
  • Portrait
  • Margin Mirrored
  • Margin top, bottom, left dan right: 1.58”
  • Header and Footer: 0.49”
  • Spacing between paragraphs: single space
  • Space between the last paragraph and the new section: double space
  • Space between sections and subsections: single space


  • Keywords: Three to ten keywords need to be added after the abstract. Keywords are specific to the article and common within the subject discipline. It should allow the article to be accessed through a web search. The abstract and keywords should be placed on a separate sheet.

    ▪ References and style: The references and style are based on the Publication Manual of The American Psychological Association (APA), seventh edition (e.g., http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/authors/style/reference/tf_apa.pdf). The references should be listed alphabetically by author and should be placed on a separate sheet after the main body of manuscript.
    In the text use the following style examples:
    “It was examined by Fayolle (2013)” for a single author.
    “It was examined in brief (Fayolle, 2013)” for a single author.
    “It was examined in brief (Fayolle & Liñán, 2014)” for two authors.
    “It was examined in brief (Fayolle et al., 2016)” for three or more authors.
    “It was examined in brief (Fayolle, 2018a, 2018b)” for a single author with two or more publications in the same year.
    “It was examined in brief (A. Fayolle, 2014; G. Fayolle, 2018)” for two or more authors with same surname.

    Use the following examples of references:
    Journal article:

    Fultz, A. E. F., & Hmieleski, K. M. (2021). The art of discovering and exploiting unexpected opportunities: The roles of organizational improvisation and serendipity  in new venture performance. Journal of Business Venturing, 36(4), 106121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2021.106121

    Bernardus, D., Murwani, F. D., Ardyan, E., Padmawidjaja, L., Aji, I. D. K., Jatiperwira, S. Y., Kusumojanto, D. D., Wardoyo, C., & Hermanto, Y. B. (2020). Which psychological characteristics strengthen “The entrepreneurial intention-action relationship”?: An extension of the theory of planned behavior. Cogent Business & Management, 7(1), 1823579. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2020.1823579

    Seidel, J., Sundermann, A., Brieger, S. A., Strathoff, P., Jacob, G. H., Antonio, T., & Utami, C. W. (2018). On how business students’ personal values and sustainability conceptions impact their sustainability management orientation: Evidence from Germany, Indonesia and the USA. Journal of Global Responsibility, 9(4), 335-354. https://doi.org/10.1108/JGR-03-2018-0010

    International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. (1997). Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. New England Journal of Medicine, 336(4), 309-316. www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199701233360422

    Journal article in advance online publication:

    Shepherd, D. A., Sattari, R., & Patzelt, H. (2020). A social model of opportunity development: Building and engaging communities of inquiry. Journal of Business Venturing. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2020.106033

    Conference proceedings and paper presentation:

    Popescu, F., Van Rompay-Bartels, I., van Vlijmen, J., de Lange, A., & Wagensveld, K. (2020, July). Social Entrepreneurship in Cross-Cultural Context: Multiple Value Creation. In E. Markopoulos, R. S. Goonetilleke, A. G. Ho, & Y. Luximon (Eds.), Advances in Creativity, Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Communication of Design: Proceedings of the AHFE 2020 Virtual Conferences on Creativity, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, and Human Factors in Communication of Design (Vol. 1218, pp. 24-31). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-51626-0_3

    Smith, R. (2000). What is Research Misconduct? In W. S. Nimmo (Ed.), Joint Consensus Conference on Misconduct in Biomedical Research: Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (Vol. 30, No. 1, Suppl. 7, pp. 4-8). Edinburgh: Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. http://www.rcpe.ac.uk/journal/supplements/supplement-7.pdf#page=5

    Devadiga, N. M. (2017). Software engineering education: Converging with the startup industry. IEEE 30th Conference on Software Engineering Education and Training (CSEE&T) (pp. 192-196). Savannah, GA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CSEET.2017.38

    Rocha, J. B., Costa, L. F. C., Prada, R., Silva, A. R., Gonçalves, D., & Correia, P. (2020). Quizzes (as a tool for self-regulated learning) in software engineering education. IEEE 32nd Conference on Software Engineering Education and Training (CSEE&T) (pp. 1-10). Munich, Germany: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/CSEET49119.2020.9206235

    Book chapter:

    Baraldi, E., Lindahl, M., & Perna, A. (2017). Start ups as vessels carrying and developing science-based technologies: Starting and restarting JonDeTech. In L. Aaboen, A. La Rocca, F. Lind, A. Perna, & T. Shih (Eds.), Starting up in business networks: Why relationships matter in entrepreneurship (pp. 225-252). London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-52719-6_9

    American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

    Meyer, M. H., & Crane, F. G. (2014). New venture creation: An innovator’s guide to entrepreneurship (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications.

    Aaboen, L., La Rocca, A., Lind, F., Perna, A., & Shih, T. (Eds.). (2017). Starting up in business networks: Why relationships matter in entrepreneurship. London: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-52719-6



Articles that are declared to have passed the initial selection will be reviewed by reviewers appointed by the editor according to their field of expertise. The review process will take 6 to 8 weeks. Then the scriptwriter is allowed to make revisions on the basis of suggestions from reviewers or editors. Revision time will be given for one week; then the manuscript can be sent back to the editor.